As small cell attachment requests increase, joint use asset owners will see more backlogs, delays, staffing challenges, and stress. In order to prepare, this guide will explore what a small cell is, what’s driving its deployment, and what it means for joint use professionals.
Operating on the same radio access technology as WiFi, Bluetooth, 3G and 4G (LTE), small cell attachments are smaller in size than standard macro cell towers. They use minimal power, have shorter range, and can handle less concurrent calls or sessions.
As the demand for faster wireless increases, providers are working to build the infrastructure in support of the global data traffic increase. Ultimately, the use of small cell offers additional coverage at home or work and has the power to prevent signals from being dropped.
Since current infrastructure attachments can’t fully support the demand for 5G, supplementing cell towers with small cell attachments will provide the needed technology.
With the recently passed legislation from the FCC, utility pole owners are required to:
For all joint use parties, there are several details to be aware of when preparing for more small cell attachments requests:
In this section, let’s dive deeper into small cell – particularly types of attachments, equipment, and a few other things about small cell attachments.
There are three types of small cell attachments:
Each of these types also requires the following equipment: an antenna, a service meter and shell, a disconnect switch, an outboard communications device, a weather-head from the meter shell up the pole into the power zone, and new cabinets.
Additionally, here are five key things you should know about small cell attachment.
A technology similar to small cell that was developed 20 years ago, Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) served a similar purpose – they exist to extend wireless coverage and capacity.
Much like small cell, DAS allows cell phones and other wireless devices to work reliably in situations when the existing infrastructure is insufficient.
In addition to areas with poor coverage, DAS is also used in locations where there are large groups of people such as concert venues, sports arenas, or public plazas.
While the technology for DAS and small cell is very similar, there are several key differences as well. Here are 7 ways they differ:
While small cell and DAS serve different purposes, they can be viewed as complementary technologies. Together, the two technologies can deliver lower cost of ownership and easier deployment.
In this section, we explore how small cell attachments are different, the equipment involved, and the data asset owners need.
Small cell attachments differ from traditional attachments in that there is more engineering involved due to the amount of equipment needed. This is one of the reasons that utilities and pole owners can have no more than one small cell attachment per pole.
So, what equipment is involved for small cell and DAS attachments?
First, there are two main methods for attaching small cell or DAS. One is a cantenna, which is a can or tube that houses a small cell antenna, power source, strand equipment in conduit, and any other related equipment. The second method is a strand-mount, where the small cell equipment is attached directly to the wire between two poles.
A small cell or DAS attachment typically involves:
For companies to determine whether a utility pole is a good fit for a small cell attachment, they need to know accurate and updated data:
With an increase in requests from wireless carriers, having this data available will help asset owners stay a step ahead of everyone else.
While asset owners and joint use professionals may face challenges with small cell, the new technology offers benefits such as ultra-fast connections, stronger signals, and exciting new technology and services.
We’ve outlined five key ways that small cell wireless is changing connectivity below.
As small cell attachments allow for 5G wireless access, there are a few guidelines joint use parties must consider for installation.
Finally, it’s crucial that carriers work closely with local municipalities and utility companies throughout the small cell attachment process. Since every city has its own process, it can make installation challenging.
While we touched on the impact of Distributed Antenna Systems earlier, it’s essential to consider its role with joint use assets.
More than 30 years ago, DAS was the original small cell used to provide coverage in rural or remote areas.
DAS is typically installed in areas such as high-rise office buildings, airports, stadiums, or college campuses. Rather than build a new tower, a network of connected DAS nodes are installed and linked to a central communications hub.
Typically used on existing infrastructure, DAS is often installed on utility poles, alongside other attachments. By the 2018, around sixteen million DAS nodes were deployed – which leads to a major concern of overcrowding on poles.
While DAS and small cell technology are similar in many ways, one major difference is that DAS is carrier-neutral and can handle many frequencies; small cell is a single carrier and single frequency. In addition, small cell covers a smaller area, while DAS can handle a much larger area.
The growth of DAS is projected at 13 percent from now until 2021 as a result of increasing mobile data traffic and a growing need for ongoing connectivity.
With the increased demand for connectivity will come more small cell attachment requests – which many joint use professionals are already experiencing.
While many are managing these requests with spreadsheets, this will not continue to be efficient or effective when dealing with large amounts of data. In order to be most effective with these requests, a joint use platform is recommended.
There are a few ways joint use professionals can streamline their processes, which we’ll explore in this section.
With the substantial data needed for joint use, it can be challenging to avoid mistakes and miscommunication when it’s being managed in a spreadsheet. Joint use data required for successful deployments and maintenance includes:
A few benefits of managing this data in a joint use platform:
Rather than sending emails back and forth for each request, using a secure system allows you to select data to share with a few defined users. This is also beneficial as far as sharing certain information with an internal staff or group and sharing other information with external stakeholders.
This option allows joint use professionals to set up rules to automatically transmit asset data to enterprise applications, such as GIS, WMS, and FIS to ensure engineering, operations, and finance are operating smoothly.
Finally, the ability to create workflows allows users through standard, daily procedures and ensures consistent data quality. Workflows are customized to each company’s individual needs and processes.
So far, we’ve discussed how and why small cell technology is expanding, plus the need for joint use departments to properly manage attachment requests. Now, we’ll explore how power utilities are managing this explosion of small cell.
Looking at the large amount of small cells being deployed – an estimated 552,000 will be deployed by 2020. Small cell permit requests are coming from multiple places as well – whether that’s wireless carriers or contractors, making the amount of requests even more overwhelming.
Up until now, there haven’t been consistent standards for small cell attachments. Once the FCC’S One Touch Make Ready requirements for new attachments begins in February 2019, companies must ensure they are compliant. A few common issues surrounding small cell include:
This again highlights the need for an asset management system that can consolidate all data, which electric power providers, telecommunications companies, and broadband providers have all found useful for streamlining small cell attachments.
For telecommunications companies, one consideration that can’t be overlooked is small cell backhaul requirements.
As a favored method for backhaul, optical fiber is ideal to meet growing demands on wireless services, which includes faster upload speeds to accommodate sensors connecting automobiles, home systems, and devices.
While fiber is the main form of backhaul, there are a few others that can be used, including copper ethernet, millimeter wave, microwave, and satellite.
However, for places where fiber is not already in place, it can be expensive to add it where it doesn’t already exist, so other forms may be more attractive.
Often, communications providers will use backhaul from the small cell to an existing macro cell.
Key challenges which each include backhaul management include:
Reliability – If a provider doesn’t deliver increased speeds and a consistent connection, customers will look to another provider.
Time – With new technology being deployed quickly, some providers may be at a disadvantage if they aren’t keeping up.
Costs – While initial investment may be required, if the backhaul method supports cost-effective deployment, it will be a better investment for the future.
Over the next few years, there will be an increase in small cell sites across the United States. This expanded 5G broadband system will ultimately support connections for improved artificial intelligence.
In addition to the overall goal of increasing connection nationwide, small cell technology will also allow carriers to offer and charge for additional services, which means more revenue. This will prove helpful for companies as they invest and hopefully see a return on that investment.
While we’ve talked about many challenges throughout this guide, a few other challenges for telecoms when it comes to deployment include:
As joint use professionals continue to prepare for major changes ahead with small cell technology, this is only the beginning. One important aspect of ensuring you’re ready to meet the demand of requests coming up is getting started the right way.
We recommend, for both owners and attachers, centralizing all asset data. Many companies have joint use teams who are already stressed with redundant data entry. Some companies are using multiple systems to complete a single joint use process. With these exhausting practices in place, small cell attachments are making joint use departments feel stressed.
Fortunately, there are alternative solutions and processes so joint use departments don’t have to continue feeling stressed while dealing with, multiple systems, and manual data entry. Our goal at Alden is to help owners and attachers save their energy, time, and budget during this complex new process.
Our joint use platform, Alden One®, simplifies all interactions between joint use professionals and helps streamline the pole attachment process. Built for both pole owners and attaching companies, Alden One® centralizes all asset data, includes workflows for specific processes and attachments, and consolidates contact information to ensure coordination.
Alden also offers consulting services to joint use professionals who are unsure of where to begin with small cell attachment processes. We walk with our clients every step of the way through planning, workflows, and process management.